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Excavator Safety Checklist – What to Do before You Start

Aug 12, 2019 Excavator blog

Before your start operating any machinery, you must perform certain pre-start inspection checks. These checks can help you to prevent accidents on the work site and avoid unnecessary downtime. As well as this, they will enhance the overall life of your equipment!

As well as performing the necessary safety inspections, you should also maintain strict servicing schedules. Routine maintenance will prolong the life of your equipment and reduce operational costs. Always record the results of safety checks so you can refer to them if the need arises.

A Safety Checklist for Your Work Equipment

  • Walk around the equipment and check the work area. Make sure there’s enough space for the machine to carry out its work.
  • Before turning on the equipment, inspect the boom, the dipper arm, and the bucket. Look for any cracks or dents. Make sure the locking pin and the safety clip are in the right position.
  • Inspect the undercarriage area. Check the sprockets, idler wheels, track links, and rollers. Look for signs of wear and tear.
  • Next, check the hydraulic fluid and coolant level. Don’t forget to inspect the radiator (https://www.julyparts.com/?s=Radiator&post_type=product) and look for leaks.
  • Open up the engine bay and perform an oil check with a dipstick. You should do this after every four hours of operation.
  • Lubricate the bushings if required.
  • Get inside the cab to make sure the indicator lights and the controls are in proper working order.
  • Test the equipment by fully extending the boom arm and the dipper arm. Listen for unusual sounds.
  • Lift the boom arm up in the air and turn off the machine. Wait and see whether the boom arm moves downwards. If it does, you’ll know there’s an internal bypass in the cylinders.
  • Test the boom arm and bucket functions repeatedly to find out if there’s any excessive movement.
  • Check the levers and joysticks to ensure they’re working properly.
  • Be well aware of the safe operating limits of the equipment. If you’re not sure, refer to the manual or talk to the dealer.

Frequency of Inspection

If you’re operating your excavator under harsh conditions, service it more often. To determine the right service intervals for your excavator, refer to the owner’s manual and perform a proper risk assessment. If your equipment is showing signs of deterioration, pay closer attention during your inspections and shorten your service intervals.

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