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Tag: crane

Common Construction Equipment for Heavy Lifting

In any largescale construction site, there will always be a need for equipment that is specifically used for lifting heavy objects. Construction sites almost never run out of heavy lifting. Even in some smaller-scale projects, heavy-lifting equipment will always be a requirement.

There are many kinds of equipment used for heavy lifting, from Forklifts to giant strand jacks, there is a wide variety that has different uses. For those who want to know more about each construction equipment, here is a list of 4 construction equipment used for heavy lifting:

Forklifts

Also known as the lift truck, a forklift is a powered truck that is mainly used for transporting materials and goods. It is available in many variations and load capacities. The usual capacity of forklifts is between 1 to 5 tons. Some of the variations of forklifts, the ones used for extreme heavy lifting, can lift up to 50 tons of materials.

Forklifts can be powered either by fuels like diesel, gasoline, and propane or by electricity which usually means it would have its own battery. Forklifts are also customizable through many different attachments that can increase its functionalities.

In China, forklifts are one of the most usable construction equipment that is viable for other industries primarily in commercial storages.

Mobile Cranes

This list will include 2 kinds of cranes, one is the mobile one that is mounted on a truck for increased mobility, and the other one is a fixed contraption, for greater control and load capacities.

Mobile cranes are more commonly known by the names of its variations. These include rough terrain cranes, crawler cranes, hydraulic cranes, and a lot more.

Most of these cranes have very specific uses like the rough terrain cranes. These are designed particularly for off-road sites these are perfect for construction sites in rough terrain thanks to its all-wheel capabilities and incredibly durable rubber tires. They are known for their high maneuverability and lifting capacity.

Crawler cranes are tracked mobile cranes that is self-propelled when compared to the other kinds of mobile cranes, they are very quick to set up and boast a higher level of versatility. They usually have either telescopic or lattice booms.

Last of the common types of mobile cranes is the hydraulic cranes. It is considered to be the standard kind of hydraulic cranes because of how generalized its design is. It relies on hydraulics to perform its tasks. It is lightweight and flexible. It is the most often mobile crane that is used for short-term construction. It is also used in other various things such as rescue missions, and transport of non-construction materials.

Loaders

One of the most common things seen on a construction site is the presence of various materials in large mounds; with cement, gravel, and sand being some of the best examples. When it comes to getting the job done, these materials would need to be transported from one point to the other–and that’s where this particular construction equipment comes in!

Loaders, or wheel loaders as they are professionally known, are fitted for any construction job there is, especially if the job is on rough terrain. Their wheels make it easier for any worker to traverse through the rough site and also come equipped with large mobile shovels, which can be used for loading large quantities of cement and gravel onto trucks.

Strand Jacks

For consistent heavy lifting that doesn’t need the mobility of cranes, strand jacks are the perfect option. It is a small contraption that relies on hydraulic pressure and strong steel wires to lift and move materials precisely. As compared to the other construction equipment mentioned in this article, strand jacks are small in size and relatively simple to operate. It is used mostly in areas where the size of cranes makes it impossible for them to reach it.

Strand jacks are also known to be the most sophisticated out of the other construction equipment that is listed in this article. This is because it relies mostly on complicated software to control it. However, to an experienced operator, using this system will look really easy

Key Takeaway

In every construction site, there is a plethora of equipment that has many different uses, when it comes to heavy lifting, the mentioned equipment is the most common and the most used out of the different construction equipment used for heavy lifting. When managing a construction project that requires heavy lifting equipment, choose the most practical among the list mentioned above!

What are the Different Types of Excavating Equipment?

The first types of excavating equipment consisted of hands and sharp sticks. Technology moved onward and upward to the shovel and the pickaxe. From the 1800s on, excavating equipment has been mechanized, always becoming bigger, stronger, and more specialized. The excavating equipment of the 21st century is capable of moving vast amounts of earth and completing the largest of projects in record time.

Loaders generally feature large wheels or metal treads — like a bulldozer or tank — and a front-end bucket or scoop. The scoop is attached to hydraulic arms, and is used to dig and move tons of material in each load. Loaders have many different names, such as bucket-loader or front-end loader. When a loader is used in an underground mine it is called a mucker.

The backhoe has a bucket loader on the front end, and small scoop on the rear. Backhoes are normally not large pieces of excavating equipment, but they can dig trenches and holes in record time. Backhoes are used for purposes ranging from digging ditches for drainage to uncovering sewage leach fields to providing straight-line channels for underground power lines.

Hydraulic hammers and pile drivers serve similar uses; their purpose is to break or crush concrete, rock or compacted soil in preparation for removal. The pile driver forces objects into the ground. It is often used to help create strong foundations for buildings.

Cranes and scoop shovels are massive pieces of machinery used to lift large items such as steel girders. The crane’s cable and pulley mechanisms are designed to accept interchangeable attachments, such as wrecking balls or excavation shovels. The latter attachment is the most well-known. Some excavation shovels, such as those used in the strip-mining industry, are so large that as many as 50 or more full-sized dump trucks can park within the shovel’s scoop area.

The list of excavating equipment increases thanks to technology and demand. Large drills are often used to bore holes–sometimes thousands of feet deep–for water or oil wells. Smaller drills — commonly called “jack-legs” — are used in underground mining. Jack-leg drills bore precise holes into sold rock. Explosives are inserted into the holes, and the detonation removes thousands of tons of material in seconds.

Skidders, bulldozers, grapplers, and specially designed “feller bunchers” are types of excavating equipment employed in the logging industry. The latter device resembles a crane, but is designed to grasp, cut, and lower full-growth trees safely to the ground. The former three devices are of assistance in moving the harvested trees to the area when they are picked up for transport.