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Tag: loader

10 Important Heavy Equipment for Construction Projects

There never seems to be an end to construction projects in China, where you’ll often see forklifts, wheel loaders, and tons of other equipment lining up the roads or scattered in construction sites.

This rings especially true if you live in the heart of the city or in an industrial area, where these engineering projects are in extreme abundance.

At one point, you might be confused about the equipment present in these places, and they’ll just start to blur into one another and you won’t be able to enumerate their names.

So, whether you’re a seasoned professional in this discipline who need a refresher, or whether you’re a beginner and thus need some enlightenment, then you’ve come to the right place. This post will explore some of the most important heavy equipment in construction projects.

The next time you find yourself in an engineering site, or when the time comes and you’ll be planning which equipment your projects might require, then you’ll know exactly which is which!

Crane

A crane is a lifting equipment that is equipped with a pulley, ropes, and chains. It can easily hoist and lower heavy cargo around the job site. Some cranes have arms that can be expanded to different lengths.

There are two major kinds of cranes available out there: fixed and mobile cranes. These two are further divided into several types.

Forklift

A forklift is a medium-sized truck that is being used to lift and transport cargo for short distances.

As expected, there are various kinds of forklifts available in China. They come in different styles and sizes, and serve their own unique purpose.

Excavator

An excavator is a massive construction equipment that comes with wheels or tracks. It has a bucket arm attached to its front. This arm can freely rotate to 360 degrees.

It is typically used to dig through the earth or to hoist heavy materials.

Loader

Loaders are designed to transport materials around the job site. The usual materials being hauled are asphalt, rock, debris, and construction waste. There’s also gravel, wood, and sand—when these raw materials already come in a substantial amount, they will also require a loader for easier transportation.

There are various types of loaders available out there, and choosing the best loader can be extremely invaluable for any construction project. It can definitely make your task quicker and more efficient.

Here are some of the common types of loaders:

Wheel Loader

Track Loader

Skid Steer Loader

Backhoe Loader

Dump Truck

A dump truck can be seen in almost every construction site. It has become so indispensable that it has already been labeled a heavy equipment.

Like several other types of equipment, a dump truck also comes in varying sizes; and the key for an efficient loading and unloading of materials lies in choosing the variety that best suits your construction project.

Bulldozer

A bulldozer is mainly used for pushing and moving earth at a job site. It is also considered a crawler because of how their tracks are fashioned—these tracks allow the bulldozer to remain stable.

A ripper is fastened on its backside. This serves to loosen up the earth (such as soil and rock).

Bulldozers are robust machines that can operate even in rough terrains.

Concrete Mixer

A concrete mixer, as the name suggests, is used to mix cement, water, and other materials (such as sand and gravel) to form concrete.

Trencher

Trenchers are used for digging ditches or trenches at the construction site. They bear some resemblance with excavators, and the only difference is that they are specifically designed to dig ditches. As you might expect, trenchers are vital in piping projects.

If you want something that can hasten the installation of wastewater or drainage piping, then trenchers are your best bet.

Grader

This is more commonly known as a road grader or a motor grader. They’re used for moving around a considerable amount of earth and ensuring that the surface is level, flat, and sufficiently smooth. A grader is especially essential in architectural and civil engineering projects (such as road work).

Similar to a bulldozer, a grader is also furnished with blades (which allow them to smoothen surfaces adequately and more precisely).

Scraper

A scraper is used to seamlessly move dirt and other materials. However, they are not suitable for all construction sites and are more appropriate in vast and open areas where they can move around more swiftly.

Common Construction Equipment for Heavy Lifting

In any largescale construction site, there will always be a need for equipment that is specifically used for lifting heavy objects. Construction sites almost never run out of heavy lifting. Even in some smaller-scale projects, heavy-lifting equipment will always be a requirement.

There are many kinds of equipment used for heavy lifting, from Forklifts to giant strand jacks, there is a wide variety that has different uses. For those who want to know more about each construction equipment, here is a list of 4 construction equipment used for heavy lifting:

Forklifts

Also known as the lift truck, a forklift is a powered truck that is mainly used for transporting materials and goods. It is available in many variations and load capacities. The usual capacity of forklifts is between 1 to 5 tons. Some of the variations of forklifts, the ones used for extreme heavy lifting, can lift up to 50 tons of materials.

Forklifts can be powered either by fuels like diesel, gasoline, and propane or by electricity which usually means it would have its own battery. Forklifts are also customizable through many different attachments that can increase its functionalities.

In China, forklifts are one of the most usable construction equipment that is viable for other industries primarily in commercial storages.

Mobile Cranes

This list will include 2 kinds of cranes, one is the mobile one that is mounted on a truck for increased mobility, and the other one is a fixed contraption, for greater control and load capacities.

Mobile cranes are more commonly known by the names of its variations. These include rough terrain cranes, crawler cranes, hydraulic cranes, and a lot more.

Most of these cranes have very specific uses like the rough terrain cranes. These are designed particularly for off-road sites these are perfect for construction sites in rough terrain thanks to its all-wheel capabilities and incredibly durable rubber tires. They are known for their high maneuverability and lifting capacity.

Crawler cranes are tracked mobile cranes that is self-propelled when compared to the other kinds of mobile cranes, they are very quick to set up and boast a higher level of versatility. They usually have either telescopic or lattice booms.

Last of the common types of mobile cranes is the hydraulic cranes. It is considered to be the standard kind of hydraulic cranes because of how generalized its design is. It relies on hydraulics to perform its tasks. It is lightweight and flexible. It is the most often mobile crane that is used for short-term construction. It is also used in other various things such as rescue missions, and transport of non-construction materials.

Loaders

One of the most common things seen on a construction site is the presence of various materials in large mounds; with cement, gravel, and sand being some of the best examples. When it comes to getting the job done, these materials would need to be transported from one point to the other–and that’s where this particular construction equipment comes in!

Loaders, or wheel loaders as they are professionally known, are fitted for any construction job there is, especially if the job is on rough terrain. Their wheels make it easier for any worker to traverse through the rough site and also come equipped with large mobile shovels, which can be used for loading large quantities of cement and gravel onto trucks.

Strand Jacks

For consistent heavy lifting that doesn’t need the mobility of cranes, strand jacks are the perfect option. It is a small contraption that relies on hydraulic pressure and strong steel wires to lift and move materials precisely. As compared to the other construction equipment mentioned in this article, strand jacks are small in size and relatively simple to operate. It is used mostly in areas where the size of cranes makes it impossible for them to reach it.

Strand jacks are also known to be the most sophisticated out of the other construction equipment that is listed in this article. This is because it relies mostly on complicated software to control it. However, to an experienced operator, using this system will look really easy

Key Takeaway

In every construction site, there is a plethora of equipment that has many different uses, when it comes to heavy lifting, the mentioned equipment is the most common and the most used out of the different construction equipment used for heavy lifting. When managing a construction project that requires heavy lifting equipment, choose the most practical among the list mentioned above!

What are the Different Types of Excavating Equipment?

The first types of excavating equipment consisted of hands and sharp sticks. Technology moved onward and upward to the shovel and the pickaxe. From the 1800s on, excavating equipment has been mechanized, always becoming bigger, stronger, and more specialized. The excavating equipment of the 21st century is capable of moving vast amounts of earth and completing the largest of projects in record time.

Loaders generally feature large wheels or metal treads — like a bulldozer or tank — and a front-end bucket or scoop. The scoop is attached to hydraulic arms, and is used to dig and move tons of material in each load. Loaders have many different names, such as bucket-loader or front-end loader. When a loader is used in an underground mine it is called a mucker.

The backhoe has a bucket loader on the front end, and small scoop on the rear. Backhoes are normally not large pieces of excavating equipment, but they can dig trenches and holes in record time. Backhoes are used for purposes ranging from digging ditches for drainage to uncovering sewage leach fields to providing straight-line channels for underground power lines.

Hydraulic hammers and pile drivers serve similar uses; their purpose is to break or crush concrete, rock or compacted soil in preparation for removal. The pile driver forces objects into the ground. It is often used to help create strong foundations for buildings.

Cranes and scoop shovels are massive pieces of machinery used to lift large items such as steel girders. The crane’s cable and pulley mechanisms are designed to accept interchangeable attachments, such as wrecking balls or excavation shovels. The latter attachment is the most well-known. Some excavation shovels, such as those used in the strip-mining industry, are so large that as many as 50 or more full-sized dump trucks can park within the shovel’s scoop area.

The list of excavating equipment increases thanks to technology and demand. Large drills are often used to bore holes–sometimes thousands of feet deep–for water or oil wells. Smaller drills — commonly called “jack-legs” — are used in underground mining. Jack-leg drills bore precise holes into sold rock. Explosives are inserted into the holes, and the detonation removes thousands of tons of material in seconds.

Skidders, bulldozers, grapplers, and specially designed “feller bunchers” are types of excavating equipment employed in the logging industry. The latter device resembles a crane, but is designed to grasp, cut, and lower full-growth trees safely to the ground. The former three devices are of assistance in moving the harvested trees to the area when they are picked up for transport.